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MICROBIOLOGIST: Works In Seas & Springs To Study The Bacteria We Need To Live

About this video 

Annie is a Microbiologist who splits her time 50/50 out in the field gathering bacteria samples at marine sediments and high pH springs, and then back at the laboratory studying them. These microbes are essential for life on Earth. She always liked biology, but didn't want to become a doctor like her parents because she didn't like blood and guts. So she figured out her own path. Find something you're excited about!

Degree: Microbiology
Job Title: Microbiologist
Employer: University of Southern California

Job Summary: Microbiologists

Job Description

Microbiologists study the growth, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, algae, and fungi. Most microbiologists work in research and development. Many conduct basic research with the aim of increasing scientific knowledge. Others conduct applied research, using knowledge from basic research to develop new products or solve particular problems.

On-the-Job Training

None

Additional Info

A bachelor’s degree in microbiology or a closely related field is needed for entry-level microbiologist jobs. A Ph.D. is needed to carry out independent research and to work in colleges and universities.

Quick Facts

Average salary
Average salary
National Statistic Change Location
Confirm
$40,000 - $115,000
Projected job growth
Projected Job Growth
10 to 20 percent
Typical schedule
Typical schedule
Full-time
Typical workplace
Typical workplace
Office, Indoor, Hospital / Clinic
Personal qualities
Personal Qualities
Detail oriented, Problem solving skills, Analytical skills, Written communication skills, Verbal communication skills, Technical skills, Strength/stamina, Mathematical skills

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P3.instances[0].transcript.parse_transcript_data({"transcript":"<p><span m='740'>So,</span> <span m='1090'>I'm</span> <span m='1300'>Annie.</span> <span m='1635'>I'm</span> <span m='1970'>a</span> <span m='2200'>microbiologist</span> <span m='3720'>at</span> <span m='3810'>the</span> <span m='3890'>University</span> <span m='4330'>of</span> <span m='4410'>Southern</span> <span m='4670'>California,</span> <span m='6160'>and</span> <span m='6570'>I</span> <span m='7130'>basically</span> <span m='7710'>study</span> <span m='8270'>all</span> <span m='8480'>of</span> <span m='8560'>the</span> <span m='8640'>bacteria</span> <span m='9230'>on</span> <span m='9340'>the</span> <span m='9430'>planet</span> <span m='9910'>that</span> <span m='10250'>do</span> <span m='10350'>not</span> <span m='11890'>harm</span> <span m='12150'>humans.</span> <span m='12810'>So,</span> <span m='13120'>they're</span> <span m='13270'>not</span> <span m='13500'>pathogens,</span> <span m='14320'>and</span> <span m='14490'>in</span> <span m='14600'>fact,</span> <span m='14870'>they're</span> <span m='15030'>really</span> <span m='15280'>important</span> <span m='15670'>to</span> <span m='16110'>how</span> <span m='17290'>we're</span> <span m='17500'>able</span> <span m='17810'>to</span> <span m='17960'>breathe</span> <span m='18530'>and</span> <span m='18940'>get</span> <span m='19100'>all</span> <span m='19250'>of</span> <span m='19360'>our</span> <span m='19450'>nutrients</span> <span m='19990'>and</span> <span m='20100'>whatnot.</span> <span m='21960'>And</span> <span m='22120'>in</span> <span m='22180'>particular,</span> <span m='22790'>I</span> <span m='22890'>study</span> <span m='23090'>bacteria</span> <span m='23390'>that</span> <span m='24540'>interact</span> <span m='25040'>with</span> <span m='25470'>minerals</span> <span m='26590'>and</span> <span m='26860'>metals,</span> <span m='28000'>and</span> <span m='28180'>this</span> <span m='28340'>has</span> <span m='28510'>some</span> <span m='28650'>really</span> <span m='28880'>cool</span> <span m='29130'>applications.</span> </p><p><span m='31180'>In</span> <span m='31350'>addition</span> <span m='31840'>to</span> <span m='33960'>global</span> <span m='34310'>biogeochemical</span> <span m='35220'>cycles,</span> <span m='36560'>which</span> <span m='37020'>is</span> <span m='37430'>everything</span> <span m='38270'>going</span> <span m='38590'>on</span> <span m='38760'>everywhere,</span> <span m='40140'>they</span> <span m='40400'>can</span> <span m='41860'>produce</span> <span m='41970'>a</span> <span m='42020'>little</span> <span m='42270'>bit</span> <span m='42770'>of</span> <span m='42920'>electricity</span> <span m='43930'>in</span> <span m='44040'>the</span> <span m='44120'>process.</span> <span m='44690'>So,</span> <span m='44740'>instead</span> <span m='45020'>of</span> <span m='45110'>using</span> <span m='45310'>a</span> <span m='45400'>mineral,</span> <span m='45790'>they</span> <span m='45900'>can</span> <span m='46070'>actually</span> <span m='46440'>use</span> <span m='47330'>an</span> <span m='47440'>electrode</span> <span m='48480'>as</span> <span m='49480'>basically</span> <span m='50040'>a</span> <span m='50100'>source</span> <span m='50500'>or</span> <span m='50630'>a sink</span> <span m='51020'>for</span> <span m='51510'>electrons.</span> <span m='52440'>I</span> <span m='53220'>actually</span> <span m='53580'>get</span> <span m='53750'>to</span> <span m='53860'>split</span> <span m='54220'>my</span> <span m='54380'>job</span> <span m='55100'>pretty</span> <span m='55440'>50-50</span> <span m='56060'>between</span> <span m='56630'>the</span> <span m='56750'>field</span> <span m='57470'>and</span> <span m='57640'>the</span> <span m='57740'>lab,</span> <span m='58920'>so</span> <span m='59170'>I</span> <span m='59260'>do</span> <span m='59480'>a</span> <span m='59530'>lot</span> <span m='59710'>of</span> <span m='59820'>work</span> <span m='60100'>going</span> <span m='60390'>out</span> <span m='60590'>into</span> <span m='60830'>environmental</span> <span m='61270'>systems.</span> </p><p><span m='62150'>In</span> <span m='62270'>particular,</span> <span m='62890'>I</span> <span m='63040'>work</span> <span m='63720'>either</span> <span m='64170'>at</span> <span m='64440'>Catalina</span> <span m='65990'>in</span> <span m='66130'>marine</span> <span m='66410'>sediments,</span> <span m='67110'>or</span> <span m='67550'>I</span> <span m='67660'>work</span> <span m='68350'>in</span> <span m='70040'>high-pH</span> <span m='70130'>springs</span> <span m='71550'>in,</span> <span m='72220'>say--</span> <span m='72870'>well,</span> <span m='73300'>the</span> <span m='73650'>main</span> <span m='73850'>ones</span> <span m='74000'>that</span> <span m='74080'>we</span> <span m='74160'>go</span> <span m='74320'>to</span> <span m='74470'>are in</span> <span m='74620'>northern</span> <span m='74970'>California.</span> <span m='77140'>And</span> <span m='77280'>then</span> <span m='77420'>I</span> <span m='77500'>take</span> <span m='77710'>those</span> <span m='77880'>microbes</span> <span m='78330'>back</span> <span m='78600'>into</span> <span m='78800'>the</span> <span m='78910'>lab,</span> <span m='79290'>and</span> <span m='79470'>then</span> <span m='79670'>try</span> <span m='79820'>to</span> <span m='79930'>culture</span> <span m='80260'>them,</span> <span m='80680'>or</span> <span m='82120'>try</span> <span m='82290'>to</span> <span m='82380'>learn</span> <span m='82560'>about</span> <span m='82770'>how</span> <span m='83080'>they're</span> <span m='83230'>doing,</span> <span m='83560'>what</span> <span m='83770'>they're</span> <span m='83890'>doing</span> <span m='84650'>in</span> <span m='84810'>the</span> <span m='84880'>system</span> <span m='85480'>using</span> <span m='85800'>a</span> <span m='85880'>bunch</span> <span m='86090'>of</span> <span m='86160'>different</span> <span m='86930'>techniques.</span> </p><p><span m='88300'>I</span> <span m='89250'>always</span> <span m='90100'>knew</span> <span m='90370'>I</span> <span m='90480'>liked</span> <span m='90810'>biology.</span> <span m='92640'>I</span> <span m='92730'>was</span> <span m='92910'>a</span> <span m='93040'>science</span> <span m='93450'>nerd,</span> <span m='93600'>definitely,</span> <span m='94280'>in</span> <span m='95100'>high</span> <span m='95260'>school.</span> <span m='96620'>And</span> <span m='97110'>I</span> <span m='97862'>was</span> <span m='98240'>sort</span> <span m='98630'>of</span> <span m='98710'>funnelled</span> <span m='99000'>into</span> <span m='99620'>going</span> <span m='99760'>into</span> <span m='100090'>medicine,</span> <span m='100620'>because</span> <span m='101100'>both</span> <span m='101320'>my</span> <span m='101510'>parents</span> <span m='102270'>are</span> <span m='102770'>physicians.</span> <span m='103760'>And</span> <span m='105110'>I</span> <span m='105170'>knew</span> <span m='105460'>I</span> <span m='105540'>didn't</span> <span m='105800'>want</span> <span m='105920'>to</span> <span m='105980'>be</span> <span m='106130'>a</span> <span m='106180'>doctor,</span> <span m='106620'>because,</span> <span m='108370'>well,</span> <span m='108550'>I</span> <span m='108640'>didn't</span> <span m='108890'>really</span> <span m='109120'>like</span> <span m='109390'>blood and</span> <span m='109700'>guts</span> <span m='110060'>and</span> <span m='110170'>all</span> <span m='110370'>that</span> <span m='110580'>stuff,</span> <span m='110820'>so</span> <span m='111590'>I</span> <span m='112250'>went</span> <span m='112700'>more</span> <span m='112980'>towards</span> <span m='113240'>microbiology,</span> <span m='113960'>thinking</span> <span m='114310'>that</span> <span m='114480'>I</span> <span m='114610'>would</span> <span m='114810'>study</span> <span m='115130'>pathogens</span> <span m='115760'>and study</span> <span m='115970'>things</span> <span m='116350'>that</span> <span m='116450'>would</span> <span m='116550'>be</span> <span m='116650'>important</span> <span m='117050'>to</span> <span m='117150'>medicine.</span> </p><p><span m='118930'>But</span> <span m='119020'>when</span> <span m='119170'>I</span> <span m='119230'>got</span> <span m='119450'>to</span> <span m='119550'>college,</span> <span m='120380'>I</span> <span m='121070'>realized</span> <span m='121490'>just</span> <span m='121670'>how</span> <span m='121800'>important</span> <span m='122630'>microbes</span> <span m='122980'>were</span> <span m='123290'>to</span> <span m='123640'>everything</span> <span m='124070'>else,</span> <span m='124340'>and</span> <span m='124670'>what a</span> <span m='124740'>small</span> <span m='125170'>percentage</span> <span m='125780'>of</span> <span m='125920'>microbes</span> <span m='126340'>are</span> <span m='126460'>actually</span> <span m='128370'>even</span> <span m='128710'>remotely</span> <span m='129180'>pathogenic.</span> <span m='129919'>And</span> <span m='130080'>so</span> <span m='130770'>I</span> <span m='132040'>really</span> <span m='132270'>got</span> <span m='132460'>into</span> <span m='132650'>environmental</span> <span m='133160'>microbiology,</span> <span m='135380'>and</span> <span m='136710'>that</span> <span m='136930'>sort</span> <span m='137110'>of</span> <span m='137240'>led</span> <span m='137410'>me</span> <span m='137570'>to</span> <span m='137690'>where</span> <span m='137870'>I</span> <span m='137900'>am</span> <span m='138090'>now.</span> </p><p><span m='138950'>The</span> <span m='139040'>thing</span> <span m='139250'>that</span> <span m='139380'>I</span> <span m='139460'>wish</span> <span m='139750'>I</span> <span m='140370'>knew</span> <span m='140720'>when</span> <span m='140910'>I</span> <span m='140980'>was</span> <span m='141120'>younger</span> <span m='141530'>was</span> <span m='141830'>that</span> <span m='143560'>getting</span> <span m='143810'>really</span> <span m='144070'>excited</span> <span m='144760'>about</span> <span m='145030'>what</span> <span m='145180'>you're</span> <span m='145300'>doing</span> <span m='146070'>is</span> <span m='146240'>really</span> <span m='146690'>important.</span> <span m='147390'>And</span> <span m='149230'>you</span> <span m='149830'>remember,</span> <span m='150510'>and</span> <span m='150790'>you</span> <span m='150890'>study</span> <span m='151280'>a</span> <span m='151360'>lot</span> <span m='151560'>harder</span> <span m='151910'>when</span> <span m='152010'>it's</span> <span m='152120'>something</span> <span m='152400'>you're</span> <span m='152610'>really</span> <span m='152890'>interested</span> <span m='153420'>in,</span> <span m='153760'>and</span> <span m='154710'>there's</span> <span m='154910'>a</span> <span m='154990'>lot</span> <span m='155290'>out</span> <span m='155500'>there,</span> <span m='155730'>so</span> <span m='155960'>you</span> <span m='156970'>can</span> <span m='157130'>find</span> <span m='157360'>something</span> <span m='157630'>you're</span> <span m='157760'>interested</span> <span m='158230'>in.</span> <span m='158830'>You just</span> <span m='159130'>have to</span> <span m='159430'>look.</span> </p>","file":{"id":320338,"video_id":"2928977545001","name":"1614-Annie-Microbiologist1","duration":161124,"thumbnail_url":null}});