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GEOLOGY PH.D. STUDENT: Crushes Rocks Into Crystals To Reconstruct History

About this video 

Ryan is a Ph.D. Geology student in Australia. He loves his work, being in the field and shooting rocks with lasers to make crystals which then help him reconstruct the history of his country. His advice: don't take everything you read or are told at face value. Learn how to critically analyze information and draw your own conclusions.

Degree: Geology
Job Title: Ph.D. Student In Geology

Job Summary: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Job Description

Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth, such as its composition, structure, and processes, to learn about its past, present, and future.

On-the-Job Training

None

Additional Info

Geoscientists need a license to practice in some states. Requirements vary by state but typically include minimum education and experience requirements and a passing score on an exam.

Quick Facts

Average salary
Average salary
National Statistic Change Location
Confirm
$45,000 - $160,000
Projected job growth
Projected Job Growth
20 to 30 percent
Typical schedule
Typical schedule
Full-time, Irregular
Typical workplace
Typical workplace
Office, Travel, Remote, Outdoor, Indoor, Military
Personal qualities
Personal Qualities
Detail oriented, Problem solving skills, Analytical skills, Written communication skills, Verbal communication skills, Strength/stamina, Public speaking ability, Mathematical skills

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P3.instances[0].transcript.parse_transcript_data({"transcript":"<p><span m='110'>Hi,</span> <span m='530'>I'm</span> <span m='710'>Roman,</span> <span m='1920'>and</span> <span m='2180'>I am</span> <span m='2540'>a</span> <span m='2630'>PhD</span> <span m='3150'>student</span> <span m='3800'>at</span> <span m='4100'>the</span> <span m='4290'>University</span> <span m='4750'>of</span> <span m='5060'>[INAUDIBLE].</span> <span m='5310'>So</span> <span m='5630'>currently</span> <span m='5965'>just</span> <span m='6300'>finished</span> <span m='6735'>my first</span> <span m='7170'>year of</span> <span m='7580'>my PhD,</span> <span m='8170'>and</span> <span m='8380'>what</span> <span m='8570'>really</span> <span m='8790'>got</span> <span m='8950'>me</span> <span m='9100'>into</span> <span m='9320'>it</span> <span m='9520'>was</span> <span m='11800'>science.</span> <span m='13060'>It wasn't so</span> <span m='13320'>much</span> <span m='13635'>really</span> <span m='13950'>what</span> <span m='14080'>everyone</span> <span m='14330'>else</span> <span m='14520'>was</span> <span m='14650'>doing,</span> <span m='14880'>but</span> <span m='15130'>more</span> <span m='15510'>what</span> <span m='15770'>I could</span> <span m='16030'>contribute</span> <span m='17546'>to</span> <span m='17920'>the</span> <span m='18080'>grand</span> <span m='18350'>scheme</span> <span m='18600'>of</span> <span m='18680'>science.</span> <span m='19770'>So a</span> <span m='20030'>usual</span> <span m='20350'>day</span> <span m='20735'>for</span> <span m='21120'>me</span> <span m='21425'>is</span> <span m='22360'>usually</span> <span m='22940'>go</span> <span m='23100'>to</span> <span m='23230'>UNI,</span> <span m='24100'>do a</span> <span m='24250'>bit</span> <span m='24460'>or</span> <span m='24800'>writing,</span> <span m='26560'>lots</span> <span m='26800'>of</span> <span m='26900'>reading.</span> <span m='27610'>Obviously,</span> <span m='27980'>it's</span> <span m='28020'>my</span> <span m='28120'>first year</span> <span m='28550'>so</span> <span m='28690'>I'm still</span> <span m='28960'>going</span> <span m='29070'>to</span> <span m='29962'>do a</span> <span m='30410'>bit of</span> <span m='30490'>literature</span> <span m='30795'>review</span> <span m='31100'>to</span> <span m='31160'>figure</span> <span m='31420'>out</span> <span m='31470'>what's</span> <span m='31670'>going</span> <span m='31930'>on.</span> <span m='33120'>I</span> <span m='33270'>do</span> <span m='33390'>do</span> <span m='33540'>field</span> <span m='33840'>work.</span> <span m='34140'>I like</span> <span m='34450'>to</span> <span m='34490'>get</span> <span m='34690'>out in the</span> <span m='34740'>bush,</span> <span m='36970'>by</span> <span m='37200'>myself</span> <span m='37520'>for a</span> <span m='37550'>couple of</span> <span m='37800'>weeks</span> <span m='38040'>at a</span> <span m='38170'>time.</span> <span m='38765'>Collect</span> <span m='39020'>rocks.</span> </p><p><span m='40240'>So</span> <span m='40590'>what</span> <span m='40970'>my PhD</span> <span m='41250'>is--</span> <span m='41630'>sorry,</span> <span m='42320'>I</span> <span m='42750'>should</span> <span m='43035'>have</span> <span m='43320'>alluded</span> <span m='43460'>to before,</span> <span m='43900'>was</span> <span m='45290'>I</span> <span m='45380'>go</span> <span m='45690'>and</span> <span m='45730'>collect</span> <span m='46010'>rocks,</span> <span m='46560'>and</span> <span m='46810'>I</span> <span m='46970'>crush</span> <span m='47245'>them</span> <span m='47520'>and I get</span> <span m='47760'>crystals</span> <span m='48190'>out,</span> <span m='48600'>and</span> <span m='48850'>I</span> <span m='49050'>measure</span> <span m='49740'>certain</span> <span m='50420'>elements</span> <span m='50850'>in</span> <span m='50940'>them</span> <span m='51220'>to try</span> <span m='51510'>and get</span> <span m='51580'>an age</span> <span m='51900'>for them.</span> <span m='52540'>And</span> <span m='52950'>by</span> <span m='53090'>doing</span> <span m='53320'>that,</span> <span m='53530'>we</span> <span m='53660'>can</span> <span m='53810'>reconstruct</span> <span m='54610'>the</span> <span m='54690'>history</span> <span m='55395'>of</span> <span m='55650'>eastern</span> <span m='55960'>Australia.</span> <span m='57400'>So</span> <span m='57950'>another</span> <span m='58390'>exciting</span> <span m='58880'>thing</span> <span m='59150'>that</span> <span m='59270'>I've</span> <span m='59370'>sort</span> <span m='59620'>of</span> <span m='59680'>done,</span> <span m='60780'>was</span> <span m='61160'>two</span> <span m='61340'>weeks</span> <span m='61590'>ago.</span> <span m='62090'>I had</span> <span m='62120'>to get</span> <span m='62280'>a</span> <span m='62330'>camera</span> <span m='62980'>and</span> <span m='63370'>I</span> <span m='63600'>shot</span> <span m='63870'>lasers</span> <span m='64620'>at</span> <span m='65630'>crystals,</span> <span m='66080'>which</span> <span m='66240'>are</span> <span m='66350'>cut</span> <span m='66560'>in</span> <span m='66890'>half,</span> <span m='67830'>to</span> <span m='67970'>measure</span> <span m='69310'>the</span> <span m='69720'>atom</span> <span m='70090'>[INAUDIBLE].</span> <span m='70720'>Particular</span> <span m='71070'>types</span> <span m='71380'>of</span> <span m='71480'>atoms</span> <span m='71930'>and</span> <span m='72160'>isotopes</span> <span m='72900'>within</span> <span m='73230'>them</span> <span m='74260'>to</span> <span m='74650'>give</span> <span m='75040'>us a bit</span> <span m='75150'>more</span> <span m='75350'>data.</span> <span m='76540'>So</span> <span m='76720'>yeah,</span> <span m='77300'>excellent.</span> </p><p><span m='77665'>OK,</span> <span m='78490'>so</span> <span m='79520'>we'll</span> <span m='79660'>start</span> <span m='79950'>from</span> <span m='80010'>the</span> <span m='80060'>beginning.</span> <span m='80460'>I</span> <span m='80520'>was</span> <span m='80650'>in</span> <span m='80730'>high</span> <span m='81160'>school</span> <span m='81360'>and</span> <span m='81780'>I</span> <span m='81950'>wanted</span> <span m='82080'>to</span> <span m='82130'>be</span> <span m='82220'>an</span> <span m='82340'>engineer.</span> <span m='83510'>Wasn't</span> <span m='83820'>to</span> <span m='83980'>crush</span> <span m='84310'>up</span> <span m='84390'>with</span> <span m='84530'>math,</span> <span m='85270'>so</span> <span m='85480'>they</span> <span m='85910'>said</span> <span m='86140'>you want</span> <span m='86370'>to</span> <span m='86550'>be a scientist.</span> <span m='87120'>So</span> <span m='87350'>I'll</span> <span m='89200'>give</span> <span m='89350'>that</span> <span m='89500'>a</span> <span m='89550'>bit</span> <span m='89670'>of</span> <span m='89780'>crack</span> <span m='90050'>and</span> <span m='90160'>see how</span> <span m='90320'>it</span> <span m='90680'>go,</span> <span m='90880'>so</span> <span m='91020'>the</span> <span m='91520'>first</span> <span m='91820'>week</span> <span m='93600'>that</span> <span m='93730'>I</span> <span m='94030'>was</span> <span m='94210'>in</span> <span m='94450'>my</span> <span m='94600'>undergrad,</span> <span m='95480'>I was</span> <span m='95870'>doing</span> <span m='96040'>geology,</span> <span m='96750'>and</span> <span m='97230'>I loved</span> <span m='97520'>it.</span> <span m='98100'>Absolutely</span> <span m='98130'>loved</span> <span m='98490'>it.</span> <span m='99190'>You</span> <span m='99360'>get</span> <span m='99730'>outside</span> <span m='99990'>all</span> <span m='100170'>the</span> <span m='100230'>time.</span> <span m='100970'>You</span> <span m='101090'>get</span> <span m='101230'>into</span> <span m='101320'>the</span> <span m='101460'>lab,</span> <span m='102280'>and,</span> <span m='102530'>of</span> <span m='102670'>course,</span> <span m='102890'>you</span> <span m='102950'>have</span> <span m='103040'>to</span> <span m='103130'>do</span> <span m='103250'>a</span> <span m='103300'>bit</span> <span m='103460'>of</span> <span m='103730'>behind</span> <span m='103920'>the</span> <span m='104000'>desk</span> <span m='104270'>work</span> <span m='104530'>with</span> <span m='104750'>writing</span> <span m='105130'>and</span> <span m='105250'>all</span> <span m='105360'>that,</span> <span m='105630'>but</span> <span m='105850'>at</span> <span m='105950'>the</span> <span m='106060'>end</span> <span m='106170'>of the day,</span> <span m='106530'>it's</span> <span m='106610'>all</span> <span m='107015'>worth it.</span> </p><p><span m='107420'>So</span> <span m='108690'>I</span> <span m='109110'>did</span> <span m='109960'>a</span> <span m='110040'>three year</span> <span m='110540'>degree,</span> <span m='111150'>my</span> <span m='111340'>bachelor's</span> <span m='111640'>degree in</span> <span m='111940'>science.</span> <span m='112960'>I</span> <span m='113340'>went</span> <span m='113760'>straight</span> <span m='113970'>out</span> <span m='114100'>of</span> <span m='114390'>high</span> <span m='114620'>school</span> <span m='114890'>straight into</span> <span m='115310'>university,</span> <span m='116030'>and</span> <span m='116550'>then</span> <span m='117020'>I</span> <span m='118400'>did</span> <span m='119960'>an</span> <span m='120090'>honors</span> <span m='120540'>degree,</span> <span m='121340'>which</span> <span m='121520'>is</span> <span m='121600'>a</span> <span m='121860'>year,</span> <span m='122120'>like</span> <span m='122850'>I get</span> <span m='123130'>tested</span> <span m='123530'>for</span> <span m='123640'>research,</span> <span m='124340'>and</span> <span m='124490'>I enjoyed</span> <span m='124890'>that.</span> <span m='125310'>And</span> <span m='125470'>then</span> <span m='125650'>I went</span> <span m='125780'>straight into</span> <span m='126160'>a PhD</span> <span m='126660'>after</span> <span m='126800'>that.</span> <span m='128660'>So</span> <span m='129990'>I'll</span> <span m='130280'>sort</span> <span m='130620'>of</span> <span m='130940'>need</span> <span m='131200'>a</span> <span m='131240'>break</span> <span m='131570'>soon.</span> <span m='133230'>PhD</span> <span m='133640'>in</span> <span m='133780'>research</span> <span m='134320'>is</span> <span m='134460'>good</span> <span m='135290'>to</span> <span m='135450'>get</span> <span m='135560'>into</span> <span m='135660'>because</span> <span m='135800'>you</span> <span m='135950'>can</span> <span m='136120'>take it</span> <span m='136250'>at your own</span> <span m='136710'>pace,</span> <span m='137180'>and</span> <span m='137500'>you</span> <span m='137820'>don't</span> <span m='138390'>really</span> <span m='138630'>have</span> <span m='138800'>much</span> <span m='139040'>of</span> <span m='139260'>a boss. You have a</span> <span m='139680'>supervisor,</span> <span m='140360'>but</span> <span m='140570'>you</span> <span m='140650'>get</span> <span m='140800'>to</span> <span m='140890'>choose</span> <span m='141210'>your</span> <span m='141420'>own</span> <span m='142650'>direction,</span> <span m='143520'>which</span> <span m='143730'>way</span> <span m='143880'>you</span> <span m='143950'>want</span> <span m='144100'>to</span> <span m='144150'>go,</span> <span m='144560'>what</span> <span m='144870'>particular</span> <span m='145340'>area of</span> <span m='145540'>research</span> <span m='146020'>interests</span> <span m='146380'>you,</span> <span m='147070'>and</span> <span m='147560'>it's</span> <span m='147980'>all</span> <span m='148130'>about how</span> <span m='148410'>curious</span> <span m='148880'>you</span> <span m='149040'>are.</span> <span m='150390'>That's</span> <span m='150745'>what</span> <span m='151100'>I</span> <span m='151500'>really</span> <span m='151940'>love</span> <span m='152130'>about</span> <span m='152410'>it.</span> </p><p><span m='152750'>Some</span> <span m='152950'>advice</span> <span m='153000'>I</span> <span m='153050'>would</span> <span m='153360'>give</span> <span m='155460'>high</span> <span m='155590'>school</span> <span m='155840'>students</span> <span m='156210'>your age</span> <span m='156670'>would</span> <span m='156810'>be,</span> <span m='158000'>I</span> <span m='158740'>suppose,</span> <span m='159100'>not</span> <span m='159290'>to</span> <span m='159370'>take</span> <span m='159660'>things</span> <span m='160010'>at</span> <span m='160570'>face</span> <span m='161150'>value.</span> <span m='161910'>I'll</span> <span m='162290'>take</span> <span m='162590'>science,</span> <span m='163230'>for</span> <span m='163390'>example,</span> <span m='164150'>what</span> <span m='164870'>affects</span> <span m='165220'>your</span> <span m='165610'>data</span> <span m='166620'>or</span> <span m='166800'>anything</span> <span m='167090'>you</span> <span m='167230'>read,</span> <span m='167880'>or</span> <span m='169510'>the</span> <span m='169830'>loose</span> <span m='170110'>ends of</span> <span m='170340'>what</span> <span m='170510'>your</span> <span m='170600'>teachers</span> <span m='170920'>sort</span> <span m='171140'>of</span> <span m='171560'>tells</span> <span m='171850'>you.</span> <span m='177810'>You</span> <span m='178030'>want</span> <span m='178170'>to</span> <span m='178210'>listen</span> <span m='178490'>to</span> <span m='178690'>it,</span> <span m='178870'>but</span> <span m='179170'>you</span> <span m='179580'>want</span> <span m='180690'>to</span> <span m='181080'>critically</span> <span m='181590'>analyze</span> <span m='182040'>it</span> <span m='182130'>as</span> <span m='182260'>well.</span> <span m='182760'>So</span> <span m='182910'>you</span> <span m='183820'>want</span> <span m='184060'>to</span> <span m='184130'>understand</span> <span m='184720'>that</span> <span m='184960'>in</span> <span m='185130'>future,</span> <span m='186090'>what's</span> <span m='186500'>said</span> <span m='186590'>now</span> <span m='186960'>might</span> <span m='187160'>not</span> <span m='187340'>be</span> <span m='187550'>totally</span> <span m='187900'>correct.</span> <span m='188790'>And</span> <span m='189080'>it's</span> <span m='189280'>not</span> <span m='189430'>that</span> <span m='189740'>what</span> <span m='189940'>we've</span> <span m='190100'>got</span> <span m='190310'>now is</span> <span m='190470'>incorrect,</span> <span m='191160'>but</span> <span m='191580'>there</span> <span m='191780'>might</span> <span m='192040'>be</span> <span m='192330'>a</span> <span m='192680'>new</span> <span m='192850'>ways</span> <span m='193180'>in</span> <span m='193260'>which</span> <span m='193490'>we</span> <span m='193570'>explain</span> <span m='194080'>different</span> <span m='194440'>things</span> <span m='195420'>in</span> <span m='195770'>comparison</span> <span m='196310'>to</span> <span m='196470'>the</span> <span m='196880'>ways</span> <span m='197250'>we</span> <span m='197500'>explain</span> <span m='197800'>things</span> <span m='198100'>now.</span> </p>","file":{"id":323348,"video_id":"2948193047001","name":"1635-Ryan-Geologist1","duration":199344,"thumbnail_url":null}});