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DOCTOR/PROFESSOR, IN-DEPTH: Examines How Inequalities Affect Health Here & Abroad

About this video 

This interviewee, a Doctor and Associate Professor of Medicine who treats patients with HIV and also researches and teaches about its causes, describes what she loves most about her job, its challenges, and the key moments that led to her career. When working at the Ministry of Health in Prague, she realized that she could affect health policy on a broader scale, in addition to treating individual patients.

Degree: Medicine - Anthropology - Neuroscience
Job Title: Doctor/Professor

Job Summary: Physicians and Surgeons

Job Description

Physicians and surgeons diagnose and treat injuries and illnesses in patients. Physicians examine patients, take medical histories, prescribe medications, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. Surgeons operate on patients to treat injuries, such as broken bones; diseases, such as cancerous tumors; and deformities, such as cleft palates.

On-the-Job Training

Fellowship/residency

Additional Info

All physicians and surgeons must pass a standardized national licensure examination. M.D.s take the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). D.O.s take the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA). For specific state information about licensing, contact your state’s medical board.

Certification Requirement
Required by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) or the American Osteopathic Association (AOA).

Quick Facts

Average salary
Average salary
National Statistic Change Location
Confirm
$70,000 - $400,000
Projected job growth
Projected Job Growth
20 to 30 percent
Typical schedule
Typical schedule
Full-time, Long hours, Irregular
Typical workplace
Typical workplace
Office, Indoor, Hospital / Clinic, Military
Personal qualities
Personal Qualities
Detail oriented, Patience, Problem solving skills, Written communication skills, Verbal communication skills, Leadership ability, People skills, Empathy, Organizational skills, Likes working with hands

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P3.instances[0].transcript.parse_transcript_data({"transcript":"<p><span m='270'>What</span> <span m='540'>I</span> <span m='580'>love</span> <span m='880'>most</span> <span m='1250'>about</span> <span m='1400'>what</span> <span m='1540'>I</span> <span m='1640'>do</span> <span m='2140'>is</span> <span m='2380'>that</span> <span m='2540'>I</span> <span m='2820'>get</span> <span m='2980'>to</span> <span m='3080'>make</span> <span m='3240'>a</span> <span m='3290'>difference</span> <span m='3840'>in</span> <span m='3990'>people's</span> <span m='4410'>lives</span> <span m='5200'>on</span> <span m='5510'>a</span> <span m='5810'>daily</span> <span m='6080'>basis,</span> <span m='6220'>so</span> <span m='6460'>patients.</span> <span m='8119'>Particularly</span> <span m='8710'>because</span> <span m='9230'>a</span> <span m='9290'>lot</span> <span m='9450'>of</span> <span m='9500'>the</span> <span m='9600'>patients</span> <span m='10060'>that</span> <span m='10180'>I</span> <span m='10290'>see,</span> <span m='10540'>they</span> <span m='10760'>don't</span> <span m='11110'>have</span> <span m='11350'>many</span> <span m='11580'>other</span> <span m='11780'>people</span> <span m='12160'>in</span> <span m='12490'>their</span> <span m='12652'>lives.</span> <span m='13140'>So</span> <span m='13380'>the</span> <span m='13460'>relationship</span> <span m='14080'>that</span> <span m='14190'>I</span> <span m='14230'>have</span> <span m='14460'>with</span> <span m='14620'>them</span> <span m='14960'>becomes</span> <span m='15260'>a</span> <span m='15320'>very</span> <span m='15510'>important</span> <span m='16090'>relationship</span> <span m='16670'>for</span> <span m='16780'>them.</span> <span m='17560'>And</span> <span m='17670'>you</span> <span m='17790'>can</span> <span m='17980'>really</span> <span m='18600'>make</span> <span m='18790'>a</span> <span m='18840'>big</span> <span m='19040'>impact.</span> </p><p><span m='19970'>Also</span> <span m='20290'>you</span> <span m='20510'>can</span> <span m='20670'>impact</span> <span m='21340'>students.</span> <span m='21940'>I</span> <span m='22010'>teach</span> <span m='22290'>a</span> <span m='22360'>lot</span> <span m='22520'>of</span> <span m='22590'>people.</span> <span m='23070'>And</span> <span m='23590'>I</span> <span m='24250'>really</span> <span m='24490'>value</span> <span m='24850'>those</span> <span m='25060'>relationships</span> <span m='25850'>and</span> <span m='25960'>the</span> <span m='26040'>mentoring</span> <span m='26490'>relationships.</span> <span m='28030'>So</span> <span m='28960'>all</span> <span m='29230'>of</span> <span m='29290'>those</span> <span m='29580'>things</span> <span m='30060'>are</span> <span m='30280'>wonderful.</span> </p><p><span m='31320'>What's</span> <span m='31970'>hard--</span> <span m='32720'>oh,</span> <span m='33150'>sorry,</span> <span m='33410'>one</span> <span m='33550'>more</span> <span m='33690'>thing</span> <span m='33880'>that's</span> <span m='34080'>wonderful</span> <span m='35160'>is</span> <span m='35550'>that</span> <span m='36350'>I</span> <span m='36950'>get</span> <span m='37200'>to</span> <span m='37630'>talk</span> <span m='38000'>to</span> <span m='38120'>people</span> <span m='39210'>from</span> <span m='39430'>different</span> <span m='39810'>fields</span> <span m='40360'>around</span> <span m='40640'>the</span> <span m='40720'>world.</span> <span m='42050'>Come</span> <span m='42310'>together,</span> <span m='42940'>try</span> <span m='43120'>to</span> <span m='43220'>figure</span> <span m='43690'>out</span> <span m='44520'>what</span> <span m='44740'>we</span> <span m='44920'>think</span> <span m='45150'>are</span> <span m='45260'>important</span> <span m='45620'>issues,</span> <span m='46100'>figure</span> <span m='46400'>out</span> <span m='46470'>how</span> <span m='46600'>to</span> <span m='46690'>study</span> <span m='47050'>it.</span> <span m='47440'>Study</span> <span m='47910'>it</span> <span m='48400'>and</span> <span m='48530'>figure</span> <span m='48850'>out</span> <span m='48900'>how</span> <span m='49030'>to</span> <span m='49160'>change</span> <span m='49530'>things.</span> <span m='49830'>So</span> <span m='50130'>that's</span> <span m='50420'>very</span> <span m='50700'>cool</span> <span m='50980'>to</span> <span m='51100'>be</span> <span m='51220'>able</span> <span m='51370'>to</span> <span m='51460'>do</span> <span m='51590'>that.</span> </p><p><span m='53010'>What's</span> <span m='53250'>hard</span> <span m='53880'>is</span> <span m='54750'>I</span> <span m='55050'>see</span> <span m='55290'>people</span> <span m='55690'>in</span> <span m='55840'>very,</span> <span m='56120'>very</span> <span m='56330'>difficult</span> <span m='56720'>circumstances.</span> <span m='58690'>I</span> <span m='58990'>witness</span> <span m='59640'>my</span> <span m='59820'>patients</span> <span m='60340'>die,</span> <span m='61400'>get</span> <span m='61570'>very</span> <span m='61770'>sick,</span> <span m='63592'>be</span> <span m='64019'>in</span> <span m='64830'>very</span> <span m='65150'>difficult</span> <span m='65540'>circumstances,</span> <span m='66410'>witnessing</span> <span m='67230'>violence,</span> <span m='68120'>abuse,</span> <span m='69410'>being</span> <span m='69770'>on</span> <span m='69880'>the</span> <span m='69970'>streets,</span> <span m='70700'>not</span> <span m='70870'>having</span> <span m='71060'>enough</span> <span m='71230'>to</span> <span m='71350'>eat,</span> <span m='72130'>being</span> <span m='72440'>very</span> <span m='72620'>sick.</span> <span m='72910'>All</span> <span m='73010'>of</span> <span m='73110'>those</span> <span m='73370'>things</span> <span m='73800'>that</span> <span m='73950'>are</span> <span m='75030'>very</span> <span m='75250'>challenging</span> <span m='75990'>to</span> <span m='76550'>witness.</span> </p><p><span m='77480'>There</span> <span m='77630'>are</span> <span m='77690'>two</span> <span m='77940'>key</span> <span m='78140'>moments</span> <span m='79450'>that</span> <span m='79800'>put</span> <span m='80020'>me</span> <span m='80160'>on</span> <span m='80250'>my</span> <span m='80690'>current</span> <span m='81030'>path</span> <span m='81430'>that</span> <span m='81580'>I</span> <span m='81650'>can</span> <span m='81840'>think</span> <span m='82000'>about</span> <span m='82330'>at</span> <span m='82700'>this</span> <span m='82900'>moment.</span> <span m='83950'>One</span> <span m='84510'>was</span> <span m='85050'>when</span> <span m='85220'>I</span> <span m='85310'>was</span> <span m='85520'>in</span> <span m='85650'>Prague</span> <span m='86360'>working</span> <span m='86940'>at</span> <span m='87060'>the</span> <span m='87130'>ministry</span> <span m='87530'>of</span> <span m='87610'>health,</span> <span m='88420'>I</span> <span m='88540'>got</span> <span m='88770'>a</span> <span m='88830'>sense</span> <span m='90590'>that</span> <span m='90750'>working</span> <span m='91170'>in</span> <span m='91280'>medicine</span> <span m='91750'>meant</span> <span m='92030'>much</span> <span m='92270'>more</span> <span m='92500'>than</span> <span m='92700'>just</span> <span m='93680'>interacting</span> <span m='94300'>with</span> <span m='94530'>patients</span> <span m='95250'>one</span> <span m='95470'>on</span> <span m='95660'>one.</span> <span m='95920'>But</span> <span m='96180'>that</span> <span m='96235'>you</span> <span m='96290'>can</span> <span m='96440'>affect</span> <span m='97080'>health</span> <span m='97430'>on</span> <span m='97520'>a</span> <span m='97560'>broader</span> <span m='97970'>scale</span> <span m='98430'>and</span> <span m='98520'>help</span> <span m='98760'>make</span> <span m='98920'>policy</span> <span m='99420'>decisions.</span> <span m='100630'>So</span> <span m='100730'>it</span> <span m='100830'>got</span> <span m='101020'>me</span> <span m='101160'>very</span> <span m='101440'>excited</span> <span m='101970'>to</span> <span m='102100'>pursue</span> <span m='103270'>a</span> <span m='103360'>health</span> <span m='103740'>career</span> <span m='104110'>more</span> <span m='104290'>broadly,</span> <span m='105250'>and</span> <span m='105630'>see</span> <span m='105850'>patients,</span> <span m='106510'>and</span> <span m='106900'>also</span> <span m='108080'>work</span> <span m='108340'>in</span> <span m='108460'>the</span> <span m='108530'>health</span> <span m='108900'>policy</span> <span m='109420'>arena</span> <span m='109880'>and</span> <span m='110560'>do</span> <span m='110730'>research.</span> </p><p><span m='112050'>The</span> <span m='112370'>other</span> <span m='112580'>high</span> <span m='112760'>moment</span> <span m='113150'>was</span> <span m='113640'>probably</span> <span m='114080'>working</span> <span m='114600'>with</span> <span m='114850'>one</span> <span m='115120'>or</span> <span m='115240'>several</span> <span m='115600'>professors.</span> <span m='116750'>One</span> <span m='116910'>that</span> <span m='117050'>was</span> <span m='117210'>really</span> <span m='117530'>impassioned</span> <span m='118330'>by</span> <span m='121180'>inequalities</span> <span m='122020'>and</span> <span m='122290'>injustice</span> <span m='123380'>and</span> <span m='123700'>how</span> <span m='124080'>inequalities</span> <span m='125080'>throughout</span> <span m='126140'>the</span> <span m='126300'>world</span> <span m='126930'>were</span> <span m='127360'>driving</span> <span m='127780'>health</span> <span m='128070'>disparities</span> <span m='128850'>and</span> <span m='128960'>making</span> <span m='129220'>people</span> <span m='129490'>sicker.</span> <span m='130479'>And</span> <span m='130600'>this</span> <span m='130750'>person</span> <span m='131090'>is</span> <span m='131480'>now</span> <span m='131740'>famous.</span> <span m='132120'>His</span> <span m='132220'>name</span> <span m='132420'>is</span> <span m='132550'>Paul</span> <span m='132740'>Farmer.</span> <span m='133190'>He</span> <span m='133380'>was</span> <span m='133520'>actually</span> <span m='133790'>my</span> <span m='133910'>master's</span> <span m='134430'>thesis</span> <span m='134810'>adviser.</span> </p><p><span m='135480'>And</span> <span m='135940'>I</span> <span m='136000'>think</span> <span m='136712'>he</span> <span m='137070'>definitely</span> <span m='137460'>drove</span> <span m='137810'>me</span> <span m='137980'>to</span> <span m='138110'>try</span> <span m='138360'>to</span> <span m='138520'>understand</span> <span m='139180'>all</span> <span m='139340'>of</span> <span m='139450'>the</span> <span m='139520'>different</span> <span m='139790'>ways</span> <span m='140140'>that</span> <span m='140400'>social</span> <span m='140760'>inequalities</span> <span m='141630'>are</span> <span m='142520'>driving</span> <span m='143470'>poor</span> <span m='143700'>health</span> <span m='143960'>and</span> <span m='144070'>disease</span> <span m='144980'>internationally.</span> <span m='145810'>And</span> <span m='145940'>now</span> <span m='146160'>I'm</span> <span m='147160'>looking</span> <span m='147520'>at</span> <span m='147690'>these</span> <span m='149210'>health</span> <span m='149520'>issues</span> <span m='149940'>both</span> <span m='150230'>in</span> <span m='150350'>sub-Saharan</span> <span m='150830'>Africa</span> <span m='151350'>and</span> <span m='151700'>domestically.</span> <span m='153120'>So</span> <span m='153300'>I</span> <span m='153410'>think</span> <span m='153690'>those</span> <span m='154110'>were</span> <span m='154840'>key</span> <span m='155440'>moments.</span> </p>","file":{"id":331602,"video_id":"2996679705001","name":"1740-Sheri-DoctorProfGlobalHIV2","duration":156155,"thumbnail_url":null}});

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