× We offer our visitors 5 free video views. Download the free iOS app here for access to thousands of videos. Schools may contact us for full platform access.
Tourist 4a78c571e56687464074a58b8aa5e9ce

TEACHER'S AIDE, IN-DEPTH: There's A Lot Of Flexibility In The Scheduling

About this video 

Jason, a substitute teacher's aide, describes the challenges of his job, what he likes most, his key decisions, how difficult getting into the industry is, and work-life balance. His job allows him a lot of flexibility as he is a substitute and doesn't have to agree to every call. He also loves that he gets off at 2 or 3 o'clock.

Job Title: Instructional Aide
Employer: West Contra Costa Unified School District

Job Summary: Special Education Teachers, Middle School

Job Description

Special education teachers work with students who have a wide range of learning, mental, emotional and physical disabilities. With students who have mild or moderate disabilities, they ensure that lessons and teaching strategies are modified to meet the students' needs. With students who have severe disabilities, they teach the students independent living skills and basic literacy, communication, and math.

Special education services are offered in a variety of ways.

Some special education teachers work exclusively in special education classes that include only students who have IEPs. In this setting, special education teachers plan and present lessons and adapt the lessons to meet each of the students’ needs.

In settings with more inclusive models of special education, in which the students receiving special education services attend general education classes, special education teachers may spend a portion of the day teaching classes together with general education teachers. The special education teachers help present the information in a manner that is more easily understood by special education students.

They also serve as consultants to general education teachers to help them adapt lessons that will meet the needs of the special education students in their classes. Special education teachers may have students who visit them throughout the day to get extra help with particular subjects or lessons.

A team that includes special and general education teachers, counselors, parents, and, in some cases, the students themselves develop the individualized educational programs (IEPs). IEPs outline which services each special education student will receive, such as sessions with the school psychologist or counselor and class periods or times when the student will receive individual attention from special education teachers.

IEPs also may list services such as community mental health services, mentoring, and tutoring, which other organizations in the community provide. Special education teachers are responsible for ensuring that the students receive the services outlined in their IEPs.

Special education teachers work with students who have a wide variety of mental, emotional, physical, and learning disabilities. Some students need assistance only in a few subject areas, such as reading and math. Other students need help understanding how they learn and adapting study skills and strategies that best meet their needs.

Some special education teachers work with students who have physical and sensory disabilities, such as blindness and deafness, or with students who are wheelchair-bound. They also work with students who have autism spectrum disorders and with students who have emotional disorders, such as anxiety and depression.

Special education teachers work with infants to high school students. Students who have severe disabilities may work with a special education teacher until they turn 21 years old.

Special education teachers working with young children try to intervene as early as possible. Early intervention in the development of language, speech and social and motor skills allows children the best opportunity to improve in those areas.

With older students who have more severe disabilities, special education teachers help the students develop the skills necessary to live independently and find a job, such as balancing a checkbook and managing their time.

On-the-Job Training

Variable, depending in part on whether you're teaching in a private or public school.

Additional Info

All states require teachers in public schools to be licensed. A license is frequently referred to as a certification. Those who teach in private schools are not required to be licensed.

Certification Requirement
State certification is required in order to teach in public schools but not in many private schools.

Quick Facts

Average salary
Average salary
National Statistic Change Location
$35,000 - $85,000
Projected job growth
Projected Job Growth
18 to 22 percent
Typical schedule
Typical schedule
Typical workplace
Typical workplace
Indoor, Office
Personal qualities
Personal Qualities
Creativity, Patience, People skills, Problem solving skills, Verbal communication skills, Written communication skills, Empathy, Organizational skills, Public speaking ability

PathSource provides free English transcriptions for each of our informational interviews on video which will appear here after you have signed in. Our advanced transcriptions are highly interactive. They scroll down automatically as the video plays and users can jump to a specific part of the video by clicking on any word in the transcript.

For a small fee, we offer transcriptions in different languages, making PathSource a great tool for English Language Learners. This feature is currently available for customers in the education field only.

Please contact us at support@pathsoruce.com if you have any questions or would like to get a price quote for advanced transcripts offered in a second language.

P3.instances[0].transcript.parse_transcript_data({"transcript":"<p><span m='410'>One</span> <span m='620'>thing</span> <span m='820'>I</span> <span m='850'>like</span> <span m='1130'>about</span> <span m='1450'>the</span> <span m='1550'>job</span> <span m='1900'>is</span> <span m='2290'>it's</span> <span m='2420'>just</span> <span m='2580'>very</span> <span m='2880'>laid</span> <span m='3200'>back,</span> <span m='4850'>easygoing</span> <span m='5420'>job.</span> <span m='5820'>I also</span> <span m='6220'>like</span> <span m='7220'>to</span> <span m='7340'>make</span> <span m='7550'>the</span> <span m='7690'>kid</span> <span m='7910'>smile</span> <span m='8740'>when</span> <span m='9200'>they</span> <span m='9730'>are</span> <span m='9950'>doing</span> <span m='10170'>something</span> <span m='10320'>they</span> <span m='10580'>don't</span> <span m='10810'>normally</span> <span m='11140'>do,</span> <span m='11610'>whether</span> <span m='11740'>it</span> <span m='11910'>might</span> <span m='12120'>be</span> <span m='12420'>playing</span> <span m='12670'>basketball.</span> <span m='13860'>And</span> <span m='14660'>it</span> <span m='14810'>really</span> <span m='15020'>makes</span> <span m='15330'>them</span> <span m='15390'>really</span> <span m='15620'>happy</span> <span m='15970'>to</span> <span m='16079'>do</span> <span m='16280'>stuff</span> <span m='16540'>like</span> <span m='16750'>that.</span> <span m='17550'>I</span> <span m='17640'>like</span> <span m='17920'>also</span> <span m='18220'>the</span> <span m='18320'>flexibility</span> <span m='19000'>of</span> <span m='19070'>the</span> <span m='19180'>job.</span> <span m='19470'>Just</span> <span m='19730'>the</span> <span m='19810'>fact</span> <span m='20150'>that--</span> </p><p><span m='21180'>I</span> <span m='21340'>mean</span> <span m='21840'>I</span> <span m='22150'>do</span> <span m='22400'>need</span> <span m='22690'>to</span> <span m='22750'>be</span> <span m='22920'>there,</span> <span m='23150'>but</span> <span m='23690'>if</span> <span m='24060'>I</span> <span m='24140'>don't</span> <span m='24420'>want</span> <span m='24660'>to,</span> <span m='24910'>since</span> <span m='25100'>I'm</span> <span m='25200'>a</span> <span m='25240'>substitute,</span> <span m='27490'>I</span> <span m='27870'>don't</span> <span m='28350'>necessarily</span> <span m='28810'>have</span> <span m='29070'>to</span> <span m='29170'>work</span> <span m='29450'>every</span> <span m='29740'>single</span> <span m='30030'>day.</span> <span m='31370'>I</span> <span m='31470'>like</span> <span m='31800'>the</span> <span m='31970'>hours</span> <span m='32460'>of</span> <span m='32689'>getting</span> <span m='33130'>off</span> <span m='33340'>around</span> <span m='33590'>two</span> <span m='33730'>or</span> <span m='33820'>three</span> <span m='33980'>o'clock,</span> <span m='34800'>beating</span> <span m='35070'>traffic.</span> <span m='36290'>I</span> <span m='36350'>also</span> <span m='36930'>like--</span> <span m='37740'>But I'm</span> <span m='38220'>more</span> <span m='38520'>interested</span> <span m='39090'>in</span> <span m='39770'>potential,</span> <span m='40920'>just</span> <span m='41150'>being</span> <span m='41890'>in</span> <span m='42260'>the</span> <span m='42330'>school</span> <span m='42580'>district,</span> <span m='42940'>and</span> <span m='43030'>I</span> <span m='43080'>think</span> <span m='43310'>that</span> <span m='43470'>it's</span> <span m='44390'>a</span> <span m='44490'>good</span> <span m='44690'>step.</span> </p><p><span m='45690'>I</span> <span m='45840'>would</span> <span m='45980'>say</span> <span m='46230'>the</span> <span m='46630'>only</span> <span m='46910'>thing</span> <span m='47070'>that</span> <span m='47220'>maybe</span> <span m='47500'>the</span> <span m='47590'>most</span> <span m='47850'>challenging</span> <span m='48440'>is</span> <span m='48670'>if</span> <span m='49310'>there</span> <span m='49410'>might</span> <span m='49610'>be</span> <span m='49700'>a</span> <span m='49780'>child</span> <span m='50070'>that</span> <span m='50120'>didn't</span> <span m='50400'>take</span> <span m='50580'>his</span> <span m='50700'>medication,</span> <span m='51330'>and</span> <span m='51440'>they</span> <span m='51550'>just</span> <span m='51740'>go</span> <span m='51860'>on</span> <span m='52060'>these--</span> <span m='53260'>I</span> <span m='53420'>would</span> <span m='53550'>say</span> <span m='53700'>they</span> <span m='53830'>just</span> <span m='54050'>flip</span> <span m='54390'>out.</span> <span m='55150'>They</span> <span m='55290'>might</span> <span m='55760'>want</span> <span m='55970'>to</span> <span m='56010'>hurt</span> <span m='56260'>themselves.</span> <span m='57560'>Whether</span> <span m='57810'>it</span> <span m='57970'>could</span> <span m='58150'>be</span> <span m='58220'>just</span> <span m='58390'>banging</span> <span m='58680'>their</span> <span m='58770'>head</span> <span m='59020'>against</span> <span m='59410'>the</span> <span m='60310'>ground</span> <span m='61250'>or</span> <span m='61410'>the</span> <span m='61480'>wall</span> <span m='62160'>or</span> <span m='63120'>biting</span> <span m='63670'>their self.</span> <span m='64769'>And</span> <span m='64959'>it</span> <span m='65099'>is</span> <span m='65459'>like</span> <span m='65620'>a</span> <span m='65760'>pit bull</span> <span m='65900'>biting.</span> <span m='66310'>They're</span> <span m='66470'>not</span> <span m='66700'>going</span> <span m='66850'>to</span> <span m='66950'>let</span> <span m='67150'>go</span> <span m='68130'>once</span> <span m='68420'>they</span> <span m='68530'>get</span> <span m='68700'>in</span> <span m='68770'>one</span> <span m='68930'>of</span> <span m='68970'>those</span> <span m='69190'>modes.</span> </p><p><span m='69570'>So</span> <span m='69640'>you</span> <span m='69860'>have</span> <span m='70050'>to</span> <span m='70800'>try</span> <span m='71060'>to</span> <span m='71440'>hold</span> <span m='71670'>them</span> <span m='71780'>down,</span> <span m='72380'>and</span> <span m='72700'>they're</span> <span m='72930'>going</span> <span m='73140'>to</span> <span m='74010'>fight</span> <span m='74220'>you</span> <span m='74370'>off.</span> <span m='75860'>It</span> <span m='76020'>might</span> <span m='76300'>take</span> <span m='76440'>an</span> <span m='76560'>hour</span> <span m='76910'>or two.</span> <span m='77200'>They are</span> <span m='77260'>not</span> <span m='77530'>going</span> <span m='77690'>to</span> <span m='77770'>calm</span> <span m='77990'>down.</span> <span m='79560'>That's</span> <span m='79800'>one</span> <span m='80070'>thing,</span> <span m='80190'>just</span> <span m='80390'>when</span> <span m='80500'>they</span> <span m='80560'>get</span> <span m='80740'>in</span> <span m='81090'>those</span> <span m='81310'>modes.</span> <span m='81650'>And</span> <span m='81730'>they</span> <span m='81840'>can</span> <span m='81970'>be</span> <span m='82120'>quiet</span> <span m='82540'>all</span> <span m='83060'>the</span> <span m='83190'>rest</span> <span m='83460'>of</span> <span m='83500'>the</span> <span m='83580'>day.</span> <span m='85000'>And</span> <span m='85160'>then,</span> <span m='86260'>probably</span> <span m='86580'>the least</span> <span m='86890'>favorite</span> <span m='87220'>thing</span> <span m='87380'>is</span> <span m='87580'>also</span> <span m='87850'>diaper</span> <span m='88260'>change</span> <span m='88580'>too,</span> <span m='91080'>especially</span> <span m='91210'>some</span> <span m='91320'>of</span> <span m='91490'>these</span> <span m='91580'>bigger</span> <span m='91870'>kids,</span> <span m='92840'>trying</span> <span m='93020'>to</span> <span m='93060'>get</span> <span m='93220'>them</span> <span m='93660'>to</span> <span m='94100'>stay</span> <span m='94360'>still</span> <span m='94800'>because</span> <span m='95435'>some of them</span> <span m='95770'>don't</span> <span m='95970'>stay</span> <span m='96220'>still.</span> </p><p><span m='97030'>I</span> <span m='97350'>guess</span> <span m='97620'>the</span> <span m='97710'>key</span> <span m='97870'>decision</span> <span m='98300'>I</span> <span m='98360'>made</span> <span m='98640'>to</span> <span m='98730'>get</span> <span m='98970'>it</span> <span m='99130'>was</span> <span m='100140'>back</span> <span m='100740'>when</span> <span m='100900'>I</span> <span m='100950'>went</span> <span m='101250'>to</span> <span m='101650'>college</span> <span m='102030'>because</span> <span m='102200'>that</span> <span m='102390'>was</span> <span m='102550'>the</span> <span m='102670'>requirement</span> <span m='103450'>to</span> <span m='104560'>get</span> <span m='104740'>hired</span> <span m='105080'>was</span> <span m='105310'>to</span> <span m='105380'>have</span> <span m='105630'>a</span> <span m='105690'>certain</span> <span m='105920'>amount</span> <span m='106210'>of</span> <span m='106640'>college</span> <span m='107110'>units.</span> <span m='108280'>But</span> <span m='108420'>I</span> <span m='108490'>just</span> <span m='108690'>knew</span> <span m='108900'>that</span> <span m='109080'>if</span> <span m='109180'>I</span> <span m='109210'>wanted</span> <span m='109440'>to</span> <span m='109500'>work</span> <span m='109830'>in the</span> <span m='109900'>school</span> <span m='110140'>district,</span> <span m='110960'>I</span> <span m='111140'>know</span> <span m='111380'>that</span> <span m='112170'>my</span> <span m='112290'>college</span> <span m='112630'>units</span> <span m='112720'>would</span> <span m='112810'>help</span> <span m='113520'>as</span> <span m='113730'>part of</span> <span m='114010'>requirements.</span> <span m='115200'>So,</span> <span m='115740'>recently,</span> <span m='116840'>I</span> <span m='116940'>guess</span> <span m='117170'>I</span> <span m='117220'>didn't</span> <span m='117390'>really</span> <span m='117570'>make</span> <span m='117860'>any</span> <span m='118030'>decision.</span> </p><p><span m='118550'>I</span> <span m='118620'>think</span> <span m='118830'>it</span> <span m='118960'>all</span> <span m='119330'>was--</span> <span m='119910'>the</span> <span m='120090'>groundwork</span> <span m='120550'>was</span> <span m='120740'>laid</span> <span m='121440'>in</span> <span m='121690'>the</span> <span m='121760'>past</span> <span m='122150'>I</span> <span m='122220'>guess.</span> <span m='123080'>I</span> <span m='123210'>don't</span> <span m='123390'>know</span> <span m='123670'>how</span> <span m='123920'>it's</span> <span m='124030'>going</span> <span m='124270'>in</span> <span m='124390'>other</span> <span m='124600'>cities</span> <span m='125080'>or in</span> <span m='125210'>other</span> <span m='125310'>school</span> <span m='125550'>districts,</span> <span m='126070'>but,</span> <span m='129350'>from</span> <span m='129530'>what</span> <span m='129699'>I</span> <span m='129840'>see,</span> <span m='130840'>I</span> <span m='131020'>don't</span> <span m='131360'>think</span> <span m='131720'>it's--</span> <span m='132840'>for</span> <span m='133060'>that</span> <span m='133280'>position,</span> <span m='133860'>I</span> <span m='133950'>don't</span> <span m='134150'>think</span> <span m='134330'>that</span> <span m='134490'>it's</span> <span m='134690'>that hard.</span> <span m='135110'>I</span> <span m='135330'>think</span> <span m='135580'>for</span> <span m='135680'>the</span> <span m='135860'>other</span> <span m='136030'>positions</span> <span m='136540'>in the</span> <span m='136700'>school</span> <span m='136860'>district,</span> <span m='137060'>I</span> <span m='137100'>think</span> <span m='137320'>it</span> <span m='137440'>is</span> <span m='137900'>a</span> <span m='137980'>lot</span> <span m='138150'>more</span> <span m='138300'>difficult.</span> <span m='138820'>But,</span> <span m='139460'>as</span> <span m='139940'>far</span> <span m='140130'>as</span> <span m='140220'>that position,</span> <span m='141000'>they</span> <span m='141140'>were</span> <span m='141310'>hiring.</span> </p><p><span m='142150'>They</span> <span m='142370'>always</span> <span m='142790'>have</span> <span m='142920'>been</span> <span m='143080'>hiring</span> <span m='143610'>on</span> <span m='143730'>the</span> <span m='143810'>bulletin</span> <span m='144160'>board,</span> <span m='144360'>so</span> <span m='144520'>it</span> <span m='144640'>must</span> <span m='144920'>not--</span> <span m='145200'>I</span> <span m='145270'>don't</span> <span m='145440'>think</span> <span m='145570'>it's</span> <span m='145750'>really</span> <span m='145950'>that</span> <span m='146220'>difficult.</span> <span m='147530'>Right</span> <span m='147740'>now,</span> <span m='147900'>I</span> <span m='147920'>like</span> <span m='148300'>it,</span> <span m='148670'>finally,</span> <span m='149110'>because</span> <span m='149570'>its</span> <span m='149710'>been</span> <span m='149890'>off-balance</span> <span m='150890'>in</span> <span m='151050'>recent</span> <span m='151390'>years.</span> <span m='151580'>But,</span> <span m='151860'>this</span> <span m='152190'>time,</span> <span m='152430'>I</span> <span m='152500'>think</span> <span m='152740'>I</span> <span m='152780'>like</span> <span m='153060'>it</span> <span m='153150'>just</span> <span m='153350'>because</span> <span m='154370'>I</span> <span m='154470'>think</span> <span m='154740'>if</span> <span m='154890'>you're a</span> <span m='155060'>substitute</span> <span m='156740'>you</span> <span m='156950'>need</span> <span m='157200'>to</span> <span m='157260'>be</span> <span m='157450'>there,</span> <span m='157660'>but</span> <span m='159670'>you</span> <span m='159800'>don't</span> <span m='159950'>have</span> <span m='160070'>to</span> <span m='160180'>answer</span> <span m='160460'>the</span> <span m='160580'>phone</span> <span m='160970'>and--</span> <span m='161970'>you</span> <span m='162200'>could--</span> <span m='162655'>if</span> <span m='162920'>you</span> <span m='163060'>have</span> <span m='163210'>something</span> <span m='163460'>to</span> <span m='163560'>do</span> <span m='163730'>that</span> <span m='163950'>day,</span> <span m='164645'>if</span> <span m='164980'>you</span> <span m='165130'>have</span> <span m='165600'>a</span> <span m='165750'>friend</span> <span m='166240'>that</span> <span m='166450'>was</span> <span m='166660'>visiting,</span> <span m='167070'>if</span> <span m='167190'>there</span> <span m='167320'>was</span> <span m='167440'>a</span> <span m='167510'>family</span> <span m='167750'>reunion</span> <span m='167880'>you</span> <span m='168250'>wanted</span> <span m='168440'>to</span> <span m='168590'>go</span> <span m='168810'>to,</span> <span m='169930'>if</span> <span m='170090'>you</span> <span m='170280'>just</span> <span m='170500'>want</span> <span m='170680'>to</span> <span m='170720'>go</span> <span m='170800'>on</span> <span m='170940'>a</span> <span m='171020'>date,</span> <span m='171490'>or</span> <span m='172090'>anything,</span> <span m='173240'>then</span> <span m='174040'>you</span> <span m='174360'>just</span> <span m='174990'>go</span> <span m='175170'>on</span> <span m='175290'>about</span> <span m='175550'>your day.</span> <span m='176470'>And</span> <span m='176680'>they're</span> <span m='176840'>going</span> <span m='177030'>to--</span> <span m='177700'>you</span> <span m='177850'>have</span> <span m='178030'>that</span> <span m='178200'>flexibility.</span> </p>","file":{"id":370680,"video_id":"3323474502001","name":"2234-Jason-InstructionalAId2 In-depth","duration":179769,"thumbnail_url":null}});