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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING STUDENT: Learn To Think Critically

About this video 

Man is a PhD mechanical engineering student at Georgia Tech. He is currently doing research on carbon nanotube transistors, which they are attempting to make into an acceptable replacement for today's standard silicon transistors. He tells us that he wishes he spent more time in his youth thinking in simple terms because this helps you think critically, which is necessary for his academic pursuits.

Degree: Mechanical Engineering
Job Title: PhD Mechanical Engineering Student

Job Summary: Mechanical Engineers

Job Description

Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers design, develop, build, and test mechanical devices, including tools, engines, and machines.

On-the-Job Training

None

Quick Facts

Average salary
Average salary
National Statistic Change Location
Confirm
$50,000 - $120,000
Projected job growth
Projected Job Growth
0 to 10 percent
Typical schedule
Typical schedule
Full-time
Typical workplace
Typical workplace
Office, Indoor
Personal qualities
Personal Qualities
Detail oriented, Problem solving skills, Creativity, Written communication skills, Verbal communication skills, Technical skills, Mathematical skills

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P3.instances[0].transcript.parse_transcript_data({"transcript":"<p><span m='370'>Hi,</span> <span m='680'>my</span> <span m='1180'>name</span> <span m='1460'>is</span> <span m='1610'>Man</span> <span m='1900'>Prakash</span> <span m='2205'>Gupta.</span> <span m='2510'>Currently</span> <span m='3590'>I'm</span> <span m='3870'>a</span> <span m='4320'>PhD</span> <span m='4490'>Student</span> <span m='5450'>in</span> <span m='5715'>the</span> <span m='5980'>Department</span> <span m='6450'>of</span> <span m='6600'>Mechanical</span> <span m='7060'>Engineering</span> <span m='7690'>at</span> <span m='7910'>Georgia</span> <span m='8290'>Tech.</span> <span m='9660'>I</span> <span m='9750'>did</span> <span m='10000'>my</span> <span m='10120'>bachelor's</span> <span m='10920'>and</span> <span m='11040'>master's</span> <span m='11690'>in</span> <span m='12080'>India.</span> <span m='13280'>And</span> <span m='13500'>I</span> <span m='13800'>came</span> <span m='14020'>here</span> <span m='14310'>for</span> <span m='14630'>my</span> <span m='14750'>PhD</span> <span m='15400'>and</span> <span m='15760'>I</span> <span m='15870'>joined</span> <span m='16200'>Georgia</span> <span m='16480'>Tech</span> <span m='16680'>in</span> <span m='16830'>2009.</span> <span m='20660'>As</span> <span m='20760'>a</span> <span m='20850'>PhD</span> <span m='21395'>student,</span> <span m='21690'>I</span> <span m='21800'>have</span> <span m='22000'>to</span> <span m='22120'>do</span> <span m='22320'>research</span> <span m='22830'>work</span> <span m='23820'>and</span> <span m='24640'>as</span> <span m='25120'>part</span> <span m='25350'>of</span> <span m='25470'>research</span> <span m='25890'>work</span> <span m='26140'>I'm</span> <span m='26390'>currently</span> <span m='26720'>working</span> <span m='27050'>on</span> <span m='28340'>several</span> <span m='28710'>projects.</span> </p><p><span m='30360'>The</span> <span m='30690'>project</span> <span m='31090'>that</span> <span m='31290'>I</span> <span m='31510'>actually</span> <span m='31840'>presented</span> <span m='32350'>in</span> <span m='32460'>this</span> <span m='32689'>conference</span> <span m='33150'>was</span> <span m='33480'>sort</span> <span m='33820'>of</span> <span m='33970'>related</span> <span m='34460'>to</span> <span m='35970'>a</span> <span m='37060'>electronic</span> <span m='37640'>device</span> <span m='38250'>which</span> <span m='38630'>is</span> <span m='38750'>actually</span> <span m='39560'>used</span> <span m='40870'>almost</span> <span m='41340'>everywhere</span> <span m='41850'>in</span> <span m='42130'>the</span> <span m='42400'>digital</span> <span m='43100'>electronics</span> <span m='43660'>systems.</span> <span m='44450'>It's</span> <span m='44650'>called</span> <span m='44850'>transistor.</span> <span m='46880'>And</span> <span m='48150'>so</span> <span m='49240'>generally,</span> <span m='51330'>transistors</span> <span m='51730'>are</span> <span m='52550'>the</span> <span m='52780'>basic</span> <span m='53180'>building</span> <span m='53430'>block</span> <span m='53840'>of</span> <span m='54350'>all</span> <span m='54670'>the</span> <span m='54800'>digital</span> <span m='55190'>mechanical</span> <span m='56110'>elements.</span> <span m='57010'>And</span> <span m='57720'>what</span> <span m='57870'>people</span> <span m='58470'>are</span> <span m='58670'>trying</span> <span m='59050'>to--</span> <span m='59540'>so generally</span> <span m='59600'>silicon</span> <span m='60090'>is</span> <span m='60180'>the</span> <span m='60270'>semiconductor</span> <span m='60870'>which</span> <span m='61070'>is</span> <span m='61160'>used,</span> <span m='62060'>mainly</span> <span m='62730'>in</span> <span m='62950'>transistors.</span> <span m='64280'>But</span> <span m='64450'>people</span> <span m='64660'>have</span> <span m='64800'>been</span> <span m='64930'>trying</span> <span m='65260'>to</span> <span m='66300'>replace</span> <span m='67390'>silicon</span> <span m='67850'>with new</span> <span m='67980'>kinds</span> <span m='68200'>of</span> <span m='68980'>materials</span> <span m='69770'>which</span> <span m='69950'>are</span> <span m='70030'>more</span> <span m='70530'>energy</span> <span m='70860'>efficient,</span> <span m='71790'>and</span> <span m='72000'>they</span> <span m='72650'>also</span> <span m='73040'>gave</span> <span m='73140'>a</span> <span m='74280'>device</span> <span m='75600'>new</span> <span m='75860'>kinds</span> <span m='76140'>of</span> <span m='76240'>properties,</span> <span m='76720'>like</span> <span m='76940'>flexibility,</span> <span m='77790'>and</span> <span m='78060'>transparency,</span> <span m='78990'>and</span> <span m='79130'>so</span> <span m='79400'>on.</span> </p><p><span m='80020'>And</span> <span m='80160'>one</span> <span m='80370'>of</span> <span m='80670'>the</span> <span m='80970'>materials,</span> <span m='82210'>[INAUDIBLE]</span> <span m='82590'>excellent,</span> <span m='83540'>and</span> <span m='83880'>a</span> <span m='83980'>promising</span> <span m='84300'>material</span> <span m='84580'>is</span> <span m='84650'>carbon</span> <span m='85120'>nanotubes.</span> <span m='85980'>And</span> <span m='86460'>so</span> <span m='86590'>what</span> <span m='87150'>my</span> <span m='87420'>research</span> <span m='87810'>work</span> <span m='88320'>is</span> <span m='88480'>actually</span> <span m='89690'>related</span> <span m='90100'>to</span> <span m='90300'>is</span> <span m='92640'>carbon</span> <span m='92920'>nanotube-based</span> <span m='94600'>transistors.</span> <span m='95650'>And</span> <span m='95900'>that's</span> <span m='96090'>what,</span> <span m='96610'>actually,</span> <span m='97040'>I'm</span> <span m='97210'>currently</span> <span m='97540'>working</span> <span m='97900'>on.</span> </p><p><span m='100670'>And</span> <span m='101170'>basically</span> <span m='102210'>the</span> <span m='102400'>main</span> <span m='103410'>problem</span> <span m='103800'>that</span> <span m='104080'>I</span> <span m='104190'>try</span> <span m='104500'>to</span> <span m='104650'>understand</span> <span m='105190'>in</span> <span m='105510'>the</span> <span m='105940'>carbon</span> <span m='106290'>nanotube</span> <span m='106570'>transistor</span> <span m='107200'>is how</span> <span m='107630'>heat</span> <span m='108150'>dissipation</span> <span m='110170'>takes</span> <span m='110620'>place in</span> <span m='110700'>the</span> <span m='110820'>device.</span> <span m='111150'>Because</span> <span m='111430'>heat</span> <span m='111540'>dissipation</span> <span m='112020'>is</span> <span m='112120'>a</span> <span m='112180'>major</span> <span m='112580'>issue</span> <span m='113780'>in</span> <span m='115150'>the</span> <span m='115980'>electronic</span> <span m='116410'>devices.</span> <span m='116900'>As</span> <span m='117090'>you</span> <span m='117190'>can</span> <span m='117340'>imagine,</span> <span m='117680'>that</span> <span m='117910'>when</span> <span m='118020'>you</span> <span m='118120'>put</span> <span m='118300'>your</span> <span m='118460'>laptop</span> <span m='119390'>on</span> <span m='119600'>your</span> <span m='119810'>lap,</span> <span m='120850'>after a</span> <span m='120890'>while it</span> <span m='121270'>gets</span> <span m='121510'>hot,</span> <span m='121880'>right?</span> <span m='122930'>And</span> <span m='123440'>so</span> <span m='123670'>that's</span> <span m='124380'>a</span> <span m='124430'>major</span> <span m='124710'>problem.</span> <span m='124990'>So</span> <span m='125350'>our</span> <span m='127080'>target</span> <span m='127460'>is</span> <span m='127680'>basically</span> <span m='128020'>how</span> <span m='128880'>to</span> <span m='129000'>make</span> <span m='129500'>electronic</span> <span m='130360'>equipments</span> <span m='131700'>more</span> <span m='132640'>friendly</span> <span m='133040'>in</span> <span m='133440'>terms</span> <span m='133610'>of</span> <span m='134290'>the</span> <span m='134920'>heat</span> <span m='135270'>and</span> <span m='135640'>thermal</span> <span m='136970'>site.</span> <span m='138170'>So</span> <span m='139060'>that's</span> <span m='139260'>pretty</span> <span m='139440'>much</span> <span m='139740'>the</span> <span m='139890'>brief</span> <span m='140320'>background</span> <span m='140760'>about</span> <span m='141050'>my</span> <span m='141160'>research.</span> </p><p><span m='141990'>One</span> <span m='142160'>of</span> <span m='142230'>the</span> <span m='142330'>things</span> <span m='142670'>that</span> <span m='142850'>I</span> <span m='143256'>sort</span> <span m='144070'>of</span> <span m='144160'>wonder</span> <span m='144420'>right</span> <span m='144680'>now,</span> <span m='145190'>that</span> <span m='145580'>maybe</span> <span m='146160'>I</span> <span m='146330'>should</span> <span m='146530'>have</span> <span m='147260'>that</span> <span m='147530'>kind</span> <span m='147730'>of</span> <span m='147830'>thing</span> <span m='148950'>in</span> <span m='149800'>me</span> <span m='150080'>when</span> <span m='150300'>I was</span> <span m='150730'>younger</span> <span m='151950'>was the</span> <span m='152380'>ability</span> <span m='152690'>to</span> <span m='153320'>think</span> <span m='154680'>in</span> <span m='155190'>simple</span> <span m='155500'>terms.</span> <span m='155860'>So</span> <span m='156360'>basically</span> <span m='157390'>whenever</span> <span m='158410'>you</span> <span m='158590'>have</span> <span m='158790'>a</span> <span m='158850'>problem,</span> <span m='159710'>just</span> <span m='159820'>think</span> <span m='160140'>about</span> <span m='160380'>the</span> <span m='160480'>problem</span> <span m='160980'>in</span> <span m='161410'>very</span> <span m='161970'>simple</span> <span m='162310'>terms.</span> <span m='165070'>And</span> <span m='165550'>think</span> <span m='165970'>critically.</span> <span m='167830'>When</span> <span m='168560'>I</span> <span m='168620'>was</span> <span m='168810'>younger</span> <span m='169120'>I</span> <span m='169220'>used</span> <span m='169510'>to take</span> <span m='169740'>lot</span> <span m='169890'>of</span> <span m='170000'>things</span> <span m='170240'>for</span> <span m='170380'>granted.</span> </p><p><span m='171670'>And</span> <span m='173570'>that</span> <span m='174080'>sort</span> <span m='174260'>of</span> <span m='174430'>creates</span> <span m='177010'>a</span> <span m='177070'>problem,</span> <span m='177490'>actually,</span> <span m='177870'>in</span> <span m='178120'>the</span> <span m='178210'>sense</span> <span m='178500'>that</span> <span m='179160'>you</span> <span m='179500'>tend</span> <span m='179730'>to</span> <span m='179900'>bypass</span> <span m='180530'>those</span> <span m='180830'>things</span> <span m='181280'>which</span> <span m='182010'>you</span> <span m='182130'>may</span> <span m='182270'>want</span> <span m='182520'>to</span> <span m='184670'>think</span> <span m='185000'>about</span> <span m='185510'>those</span> <span m='185790'>things.</span> <span m='186160'>But</span> <span m='187450'>you</span> <span m='187590'>just</span> <span m='187880'>sort</span> <span m='188050'>of</span> <span m='188130'>take</span> <span m='188420'>those</span> <span m='188650'>things</span> <span m='188950'>for</span> <span m='188970'>granted,</span> <span m='189230'>and</span> <span m='189500'>then</span> <span m='189755'>you</span> <span m='190010'>move</span> <span m='190415'>on.</span> <span m='192750'>So</span> <span m='192970'>right</span> <span m='193170'>now</span> <span m='193300'>what</span> <span m='193440'>I</span> <span m='193560'>feel is</span> <span m='193870'>that</span> <span m='194290'>probably</span> <span m='196610'>I</span> <span m='197320'>would</span> <span m='197480'>have</span> <span m='197640'>wanted</span> <span m='197970'>to</span> <span m='198060'>think</span> <span m='199170'>more</span> <span m='199990'>on</span> <span m='201030'>general</span> <span m='201450'>things</span> <span m='201780'>like</span> <span m='203360'>why</span> <span m='203630'>the</span> <span m='203830'>sky</span> <span m='204030'>is</span> <span m='204310'>blue,</span> <span m='205950'>why</span> <span m='206840'>clouds</span> <span m='207460'>form.</span> <span m='208380'>I</span> <span m='208470'>used</span> <span m='208670'>to</span> <span m='208750'>take</span> <span m='208970'>all</span> <span m='209150'>these</span> <span m='209330'>things</span> <span m='209750'>for granted,</span> <span m='210095'>actually.</span> </p><p><span m='210440'>But</span> <span m='210670'>now</span> <span m='211480'>I</span> <span m='211830'>know</span> <span m='211990'>the</span> <span m='212270'>answers</span> <span m='212560'>and</span> <span m='212690'>they</span> <span m='212810'>are</span> <span m='212920'>very,</span> <span m='213270'>very</span> <span m='213380'>interesting.</span> <span m='214280'>And</span> <span m='215180'>I</span> <span m='215280'>wish</span> <span m='215530'>I</span> <span m='215870'>had</span> <span m='216550'>spent</span> <span m='217850'>more</span> <span m='218240'>time</span> <span m='219030'>thinking</span> <span m='219370'>about</span> <span m='219620'>the</span> <span m='219730'>nature</span> <span m='220030'>and</span> <span m='220320'>[INAUDIBLE].</span> <span m='220910'>That</span> <span m='221290'>probably</span> <span m='221640'>would</span> <span m='221770'>have</span> <span m='221970'>helped</span> <span m='222250'>me</span> <span m='222810'>in</span> <span m='223210'>my</span> <span m='223900'>present</span> <span m='224260'>research,</span> <span m='224440'>actually,</span> <span m='224695'>because</span> <span m='225250'>that</span> <span m='225400'>helps</span> <span m='225730'>you</span> <span m='226220'>think</span> <span m='226490'>critically.</span> 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